|Country:||United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland.|
The British Isles comprises two islands, Great Britain and Ireland. The island of Great Britain comprises England, Scotland and Wales. The island of Ireland comprises Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. The Republic of Ireland is an independent country, not part of the UK.
|Capital:||London, with regional Scottish capital in Edinburgh.|
|Area:||UK 244,820 sq.km. Scotland 78,772 sq.km.|
|Population:||UK 58.5 million. Scotland 5.1 million.|
|People:||Anglo-Saxons, Scots, Welsh, Irish, West Indians, Pakistanis, Indians|
|Languages:||English, Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales), Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland).|
|Religions:||Anglican 27 million, Roman Catholic 9 million, Muslim 1 million, Presbyterian 800,000, Methodist 760,000, Sikh 400,000, Hindu 350,000, Jewish 300,000 (1991 estimate). Note: the UK does not include a question on religion in its census.|
|Life Expectancy:||73.78 male, 79.17 female (1996).|
|Government:||Parliamentary Democracy. National government in London, regional Scottish government in Edinburgh. |
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth.
|Currency:||United Kingdom pounds (£): click for Currency Converter.|
|Industry:||production machinery including machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, and other consumer goods.|
|Agriculture:||cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, poultry; fish.|
|Resources:||coal, petroleum, natural gas, tin, limestone, iron ore, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, lead, silica.|
|US$1254 billion. GDP per head: US$21,200|